(Report by Dr Shahid Qureshi ) President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, participates in plenary session of International Conference ‘Building A Nuclear-Weapons-Free World’
The Conference marked the 25th anniversary of the closure of the Semey nuclear test site was attended by the members of the state bodies, non-governmental organisations, diplomatic corps, as well as foreign guests from over 50 countries.
In his speech, Nursultan Nazarbayev thanked the participants for the initiative to establish the President of Kazakhstan’s prize for global peace and security. He also said the capital of Kazakhstan would host the Astana Peace Summit in November, where heads of foreign states and governments, famous political and public figures, scholars and business leaders from many countries would participate.
The President of Kazakhstan stated that an historical event for both Kazakhstan and the whole world took place on 29th August 1991. He said a quarter century ago, the most disastrous experiment of militarism that plagued our land and our people, had been outlawed. After that decision, the polygons of all the nuclear powers fell silent, but none of them was closed. Kazakhstan became the first country to do this. That was the wish of the people of Kazakhstan. That event gives the great importance to the whole planet, the President noted.
According to the leader of Kazakhstan, the process of reduction of nuclear weapons should be multilateral, which would make possible for all the states possessing these weapons to participate. All nuclear powers have to embark on talks on creating a comprehensive treatment on reducing nuclear weapons, President Nazarbayev said.
A legally binding system of guarantees from nuclear powers to the states voluntarily relinquished nuclear weapons and those countries, who have nuclear-free status, should be developed. A viable mechanism for tough measures against possession and proliferation of nuclear weapons should be unveiled. Such multilateral treaties need to be approved by the resolutions of the UN Security Council, Nursultan Nazarbayev added.
The President of Kazakhstan called for the world community to create new mechanisms to regulate relations between large countries and new international organisations to prevent conflicts. He also stressed the importance of strengthening control over the spread of conventional weapons and new military technologies. Nursultan Nazarbayev called for all governments to take obligations on further strengthening international treaties and institutions providing the base for nuclear security. The President said that these issues and other measures contributing to international peace and security would be the issues that Kazakhstan will be dealing with as a member of the UN Security Council.