By Dr Shahid Qureshi : –
On 1st January 2018, Kazakhstan made a history and became the President of the United Nations Security Council. It is for the fist time in the history of Central Asian Countries. Kazakhstan is a non-permanent Security Council member for 2017-2018.
According to the country’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the priorities of Kazakhstan’s non-permanent membership were outlined in President Nursultan Nazarbayev’s policy address to the UNSC called “Kazakhstan’s Concept and Vision for Sustaining Global Partnerships for a Secure, Just and Prosperous World.”
The document points out the following priorities:
achieving a world free of nuclear weapons;
eliminating the threat of a global war and settling local conflicts;
promoting the interests of Central Asia while strengthening regional security and cooperation;
ensuring an inextricable link between security and sustainable development;
supporting peace and security in Africa; and
adapting the Security Council and the entire UN system to the threats and challenges of the 21st century.
The presidency coordinates the UNSC’s activities and ensures continuity within the council’s daily work with the assistance of the UN Secretariat. Kazakhstan will make statements on behalf of the council in consultation with other members of the UNSC, whilst also releasing press statements following discussions within informal consultations and whenever the Security Council reaches agreement on the text of a document.
The presidency of the UN Security Council has significant international status, as the Security Council can make decisions regarding coercive measures, economic sanctions and collective military action. According to the UN Charter, the Security Council bears the primary responsibility for maintaining peace and international security, and all UN member states are obliged to help in implementing its decisions.
It is expected that the UNSC permanent representatives will review the programme of Kazakhstan’s presidency for the month ahead on 1st January. It is also planned to hold briefings on the council’s programme of work for UN member states that are not members of the Security Council, as well as for the media and NGOs. Following a proposal by Kazakhstan, the Security Council will for the first time hold an official ceremony where the flags of Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Kuwait, the Netherlands, Peru and Poland will be flown to honour their assumption of responsibilities as new non-permanent members of the council for the next two years.
UNSC thematic debates entitled “WMD Non-proliferation: Confidence-building Measures,” are also planned to take place on 18th January, chaired by President Nazarbayev. UN Secretary-General António Guterres, as well as the Chair of the Governing Board of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Ambassador Jan Eliasson, have been invited to address the debates.
The council will hold a ministerial-level debate on the threats to international peace and security on 19th January, focusing on “Building a Regional Partnership in Afghanistan and Central Asia as a Model to Link Security and Development.” It is expected that foreign ministers of Central Asian countries and Afghanistan, as well as heads of foreign policy establishments of the UNSC member states, will be in attendance.
The UNSC’s quarterly open debate will be organised for 25th January, to discuss “the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question,” which will focus on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The permanent representatives of UN member states will be in attendance.
In addition, as is conducted every year, the Kazakhstan presidency in January will host open and closed discussions of the council on the situations in Syria, Libya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, the region of Darfur, West Africa and Sahel, South Sudan, Mali, Somalia, Cyprus and Colombia. Several resolutions and presidential statements are scheduled to be adopted. (media reports)
(Dr Shahid Qureshi is senior analyst with BBC and chief editor of The London Post. He writes on security, terrorism and foreign policy. He also appears as analyst on Al-Jazeera, Press TV, MBC, Kazak TV (Kazakhstan), LBC Radio London. He was also international election observer for Kazakhstan 2015 and 2016 and Pakistan 2002. He has written a famous book “War on Terror and Siege of Pakistan” published in 2009. He is PhD in ‘Political Psychology’ also studied Law at a British University. He speaks at Cambridge University)